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Magento certification: Which layout nodes correspond to certain URL

Magento certification: Which layout nodes correspond to certain URL
9 votos, 4.56 media (88% puntos)

The way Magento loads the layout starts when the controller serving the current request calls to:

  $this->loadLayout();

This call starts the process of compiling and generating all the blocks that will be used in a later phase to generate the current page contents. The process of geting the proper nodes from the layout requires the following steps:

  • Get the layout handles to use
  • Get the layout portions to this handles
  • Merge the layout handles requested

If we look at the contents of the method loadLayout, we’ll see this:

public function loadLayout($handles = null, $generateBlocks = true, $generateXml = true)
{
  // This takes the custom handles we pass through the call to the method 
  // as a parameter. This handles are added to the actual handles corresponding
  // the current page
  if (false!==$handles && ''!==$handles) {
      $this->getLayout()->getUpdate()->addHandle($handles ? $handles : 'default');
  }

  // This adds some handles depending on the page we are rendering. We'll se below.
  $this->addActionLayoutHandles();

  . . . more code . . .
}

If we look at the method addActionLayoutHandles we’ll see most of the handles used for a particular call:

public function addActionLayoutHandles()
{
    $update = $this->getLayout()->getUpdate();

    // // This adds the 'per store' handle, which will look like STORE_en
    // if you named the stores with the associated language code
    $update->addHandle('STORE_'.Mage::app()->getStore()->getCode());

    // This a 'per theme' handle, and looks like
    // THEME_frontend_<package-name>_<theme-name>
    $package = Mage::getSingleton('core/design_package');
    $update->addHandle(
        'THEME_'.$package->getArea().'_'.$package->getPackageName().'_'.$package->getTheme('layout')
    );

    // Finally, Magento adds the controller-action handle. If we are 
    // loading a category page, this will look like:
    // catalog_category_view (module_controller_action)
    $update->addHandle(strtolower($this->getFullActionName()));

    return $this;
}

So the method addActionLayoutHandles is the one we were looking for.




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